For a verbal agreement to be binding, the elements of a valid contract must be present. To illustrate how the elements of a contract create binding conditions in an oral agreement, we use the example of a man who borrows $200 from his aunt to replace a flat tire. Most oral contracts are legally binding. There are a few exceptions, however, depending on the design of the agreement and the purpose of the contract. In many cases, it is best to draft a written agreement to avoid litigation. An oral contract is a kind of business contract that is described and agreed upon by oral communication, but not written. While it may be difficult to prove the terms of an oral contract in the event of an infringement, this type of contract is legally binding. Oral contracts are often wrongly referred to as oral treaties, but an oral contract is really any contract, since all contracts are written linguistically. Contractual terms must not be presented in a vague, incomplete or erroneous manner. In other words, there should be an agreement on who the contracting parties are, on each party`s obligations, on the price to be paid and on the purpose of the contract. The conditions between aunt and nephew are very clear; the aunt lends $200 to the nephew for the purchase of a new tire (and nothing else) provided he reseals her 200 dollars at some point (for example. B when he receives his next cheque). If two or more parties reach an agreement without written documents, they will enter into an oral agreement (formally known as an oral contract).
However, the authority of these oral agreements can be a bit of a grey area for those who do not know the law of contracts. Many oral contracts are legally binding, but the possibility that a party will not respect its commitment still exists; That`s why people often prefer to make their deals in writing. Without the testimony of the agreement, the aunt could have 200 dollars and a decent relationship with her nephew. The parties, both reasonable, should freely approve the terms of the agreement, i.e. without influence, coercion, coercion or misreprescing of facts. The nephew and aunt accept the terms of the contract without putting pressure on each other and with the intention of fulfilling their obligations. To win the case, the aunt must prove with evidence that her nephew lent the money with the intention of repaying it, while the nephew must prove that he did not accept. Without the documentation of the agreement, it will be a matter of er-she-said.
In the end, it is a judge who decides which case is most likely of the party. Oral contracts are the most appropriate for simple agreements. For example, an oral contract to trade a used lawnmower for a used tumble dryer does not require much detail. The simpler the contract, the less likely it is that the parties will have to take legal action. However, more complex contracts, such as employment. B, should normally include written contracts. Complex oral contracts are more likely to collapse when subject to court review, usually because the parties fail to reach agreement on the intricacies of the agreement. Be sure to review your state`s fraud laws or law if you are not sure if you need a written agreement or not. If an oral contract does not interfere with one or more elements of a valid contract, it is likely that a court will declare the agreement inconclusive and unenforceable. Many states have written provisions for certain treaties that believe that oral agreements are insufficient. The parties must be able to enter into the contract, i.e. they are above the majority and are in good health.
In our example, the nephew and aunt are both over the age of 18, are not under the influence of consciousness-changing substances and do not have cognitive impairments such as dementia.